Empirical Methods for Health Informatics --- This course examines health informatics as an empirical science, which is one of the many faces of this complex field. As such, the course will focus on formal studies of applications of information technology applied to health care, population health, and personal health. These studies can be conducted while an information resouce is under development as well as after a resource is in routine service. Questions addressed by these studies often include: Is the resource functioning as anticipated? How can it be improved? Does it make a difference? Are the differences it makes beneficial?